Database of HWC Policies
This page contains currently known national-level and related policies on human-wildlife conflict. We are continually updating this database, please contact us if you notice anything missing.
This database is a joint initiative of the HWCCSG and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Ensure active management actions to enable the recovery and conservation of species and the genetic diversity of wild and domesticated species, including through ex-situ conservation, and effectively manage human-wildlife interactions to minimize human-wildlife conflict for coexistence.
National HWC policies
Seven countries in the world currently have national strategies specifically on human-wildlife conflict - listed below. Click the images to view the documents. Please contact us if you know of any further national HWC policies not listed here.
National human-wildlife conflicts management strategy
Nature Conservation Division, Department of Forests, Ministry of Agriculture
Citation: Government of Bhutan (2008). National human-wildlife conflicts management strategy. Nature Conservation Division Department of Forests Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Government of Bhutan, Thimphu.
Estrategia nacional para la mitigación de los conflictos entre la vida silvestre y las actividades humanas
Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua
Citation: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua (2015). Estrategia Nacional para la Mitigación de
los Conflictos entre la Vida Silvestre y las Actividades Humanas. La Paz. 52 pp.
National Human-Wildlife Conflict Mitigation Strategy and Action Plan of India 2021-26
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Citation: MOEF (2021) National Human-Wildlife Conflict Mitigation Strategy and Action Plan of India 2021-26. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India.
Revised national policy on human-wildlife conflict management 2018-2027
Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Citation: MET (2018). Revised national policy on human-wildlife conflict management 2008-2027. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Namibia
National human-wildlife conflict management strategy 2020-2024
Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism
Citation: MNRT (2020). National Human-Wildlife Conflict Management Strategy 2020-2024. Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, United Republic of Tanzania
National strategy for management of human-wildlife conflicts 2020-2024
Uganda Wildlife Authority, Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities
Citation: Uganda Wildlife Authority (2020). National Strategy for Management of Human-
Other national policies with HWC
A number of countries have other policies that include specific mention or guidance on HWC matters. Here are a few examples. We will update this page periodically, please contact us if you see would like any items added (in any language). Click on the images to access the documents.
NBSAPs with HWC
The below countries have National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) policies that contain specific mention of human-wildlife conflict (or closely related terms). This list contains pre-COP15 NBSAPs. All NBSAPs are available to download at: www.cbd.int/nbsap/search
Costa Rica 2017
Republic of Korea 2014
South Sudan 2019
Sri Lanka 2016