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Key Papers

Aich, R. S., and P. Chakraborty. 2022. Kamot: the first academic investigation of human-shark conflict in Sundarbans. TRACE ∴ Journal for Human-Animal Studies 8.   Download

Barnett, A., R. Fitzpatrick, M. Bradley, I. Miller, M. Sheaves, A. Chin, B. Smith, A. Diedrich, J. L. Yick, N. Lubitz, K. Crook, C. Mattone, M. B. Bennett, L. Wojtach, and K. Abrantes. 2022. Scientific response to a cluster of shark bites. People and Nature.   Download

Beall, J. M., L. D. Pharr, R. von Furstenberg, A. Barber, W. R. Casola, A. Vaughn, M. N. Peterson, and L. R. Larson. 2022. The influence of YouTube videos on human tolerance of sharks. Animal Conservation.  Download

Bombieri, G., V. Nanni, M. d. M. Delgado, J. M. Fedriani, J. V. López-Bao, P. Pedrini, and V. Penteriani. 2018. Content analysis of media reports on predator attacks on humans: toward an understanding of human risk perception and predator acceptance. Bioscience 68:577-584.  Download

Börger, T., K. Mmonwa, and D. Campbell. 2023. Hazardous human–wildlife encounters, risk attitudes, and the value of shark nets for coastal recreation. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.   Download

Bradshaw, C. J. A., P. Meagher, M. J. Thiele, R. G. Harcourt, and C. Huveneers. 2021. Predicting potential future reduction in shark bites on people. Royal Society Open Science 8:201197.  Download

Casselberry, G. A., E. M. Markowitz, K. Alves, J. Dello Russo, G. B. Skomal, and A. J. Danylchuk. 2022. When fishing bites: understanding angler responses to shark depredation. Fisheries Research 246:106174.  External resource

Clua, E. E. G., and J. D. C. Linnell. 2018. Individual shark profiling: an innovative and environmentally responsible approach for selectively managing human fatalities. Conservation Letters:e12612.  Download


Colefax, A. P., P. A. Butcher, D. E. Pagendam, and B. P. Kelaher. 2019. Reliability of marine faunal detections in drone-based monitoring. Ocean & Coastal Management 174:108-115.  External resource

Crossley, R., C. M. Collins, S. G. Sutton, and C. Huveneers. 2014. Public perception and understanding of shark attack mitigation measures in Australia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 19:154-165.  External resource

Engelbrecht, T., A. Kock, S. Waries, and M. J. O’Riain. 2017. Shark spotters: successfully reducing spatial overlap between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and recreational water users in False Bay, South Africa. Plos One 12:e0185335.  Download


Ferretti, F., S. Jorgensen, T. K. Chapple, G. De Leo, and F. Micheli. 2015. Reconciling predator conservation with public safety. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13:412-417.  External resource


French, L. A., S. R. Midway, D. H. Evans, and G. H. Burgess. 2021. Shark side of the moon: are shark attacks related to lunar phase? Frontiers in Marine Science 8.  Download

Gallagher, A. J. 2016. Coexisting with sharks: a response to Carter and Linnell. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31:817-818.  External resource


Gibbs, L., and A. Warren. 2015. Transforming shark hazard policy: learning from ocean-users and shark encounter in western Australia. Marine Policy 58:116-124.  External resource


Giovos, I., A. Barash, M. Barone, C. Barría, D. Borme, C. Brigaudeau, A. Charitou, C. Brito, J. Currie, M. Dornhege, L. Endrizzi, K. Forsberg, A. Jung, P. Kleitou, A. MacDiarmid, D. K. Moutopoulos, S. Nakagun, J. Neves, F. L. D. Nunes, D. Schröder, R. H. Thurstan, M. Tull, S. Tuncer, and C. Mazzoldi. 2021. Understanding the public attitude towards sharks for improving their conservation. Marine Policy 134:104811.  External resource

Gray, G. M. E., and C. A. Gray. 2017. Beach-user attitudes to shark bite mitigation strategies on coastal beaches; Sydney, Australia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 22:282-290.  External resource


Hazin, F. H. V., and A. S. Afonso. 2014. A green strategy for shark attack mitigation off Recife, Brazil. Animal Conservation 17:287-296.  Download


Hoel, K., A. Chin, and J. Lau. 2022. Clashing conservation values: the social complexities of shark depredation. Biological Conservation 272:109658.  External resource

Huveneers, C., S. Whitmarsh, M. Thiele, L. Meyer, A. Fox, and C. J. A. Bradshaw. 2018. Effectiveness of five personal shark-bite deterrents for surfers. Peerj 6:e5554.  Download


Iwane, M. A., K. M. Leong, M. Vaughan, and K. L. L. Oleson. 2021. When a shark is more than a shark: a sociopolitical problem-solving approach to fisher-shark interactions. Frontiers in Conservation Science 2.  Download

Lagabrielle, E., A. Allibert, J. J. Kiszka, N. Loiseau, J. P. Kilfoil, and A. Lemahieu. 2018. Environmental and anthropogenic factors affecting the increasing occurrence of shark-human interactions around a fast-developing Indian Ocean island. Scientific Reports 8:3676.  Download


Le Busque, B., J. Dorrian, and C. Litchfield. 2021. The impact of news media portrayals of sharks on public perception of risk and support for shark conservation. Marine Policy 124:104341.  External resource


Le Busque, B., and C. Litchfield. 2021. Sharks on film: an analysis of how shark-human interactions are portrayed in films. Human Dimensions of Wildlife:1-7.  External resource

Le Busque, B., P. Roetman, J. Dorrian, and C. Litchfield. 2021. Investigating attitudes toward sharks in Australia. Anthrozoos:1-12.  External resource

Le Busque, B., P. Roetman, J. Dorrian, and C. Litchfield. 2021. People’s fear of sharks: a qualitative analysis. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.  External resource


Martin, C. L., B. Curley, K. Wolfenden, M. Green, and N. A. Moltschaniwskyj. 2022. The social dimension to the New South Wales Shark Management Strategy, 2015–2020, Australia: lessons learned. Marine Policy 141:105079.   Download

McCagh, C., J. Sneddon, and D. Blache. 2015. Killing sharks: the media’s role in public and political response to fatal human–shark interactions. Marine Policy 62:271-278.  External resource


McPhee, D. 2014. Unprovoked shark bites: are they becoming more prevalent? Coastal Management 42:478-492.  External resource


Meeuwig, J. J., and L. C. Ferreira. 2014. Moving beyond lethal programs for shark hazard mitigation. Animal Conservation 17:297-298.  Download


Mitchell, J. D., J. M. Drymon, J. Vardon, P. G. Coulson, C. A. Simpfendorfer, S. B. Scyphers, S. M. Kajiura, K. Hoel, S. Williams, K. L. Ryan, A. Barnett, M. R. Heupel, A. Chin, M. Navarro, T. Langlois, M. J. Ajemian, E. Gilman, E. Prasky, and G. Jackson. 2022. Shark depredation: future directions in research and management. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries.   Download

Midway, S. R., T. Wagner, and G. H. Burgess. 2019. Trends in global shark attacks. Plos One 14:e0211049.  Download


Mourier, J., M. Soria, A. Blaison, M. Simier, G. Certain, A. Demichelis, and T. Hattab. 2021. Dynamic use of coastal areas by bull sharks and the conciliation of conservation and management of negative human–wildlife interactions. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems.  External resource

Muter, B. A., M. L. Gore, K. S. Gledhill, C. Lamont, and C. Huveneers. 2013. Australian and U.S. news media portrayal of sharks and their conservation. Conservation Biology 27:187-196.  External resource


Neff, C. 2012. Australian beach safety and the politics of shark attacks. Coastal Management 40:88-106.  External resource


Neff, C. 2015. The Jaws effect: how movie narratives are used to influence policy responses to shark bites in western Australia. Australian Journal of Political Science 50:114-127.  External resource


Neff, C., and R. Hueter. 2013. Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark “attack”: a proposal for reclassifying human–shark interactions. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 3:65-73.  Download


Neff, C. L., and J. Y. H. Yang. 2013. Shark bites and public attitudes: policy implications from the first before and after shark bite survey. Marine Policy 38:545-547.  External resource


Niella, Y., V. M. Peddemors, M. Green, A. F. Smoothey, and R. Harcourt. 2021. A “wicked problem” reconciling human-shark conflict, shark bite mitigation, and threatened species. Frontiers in Conservation Science 2.  Download

O'Connell, C. P., S. Andreotti, M. Rutzen, M. Meӱer, and P. He. 2014. The use of permanent magnets to reduce elasmobranch encounter with a simulated beach net. 2. The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias). Ocean & Coastal Management 97:20-28.  External resource


O'Connell, C. P., S.-Y. Hyun, S. H. Gruber, T. J. O'Connell, G. Johnson, K. Grudecki, and P. He. 2014. The use of permanent magnets to reduce elasmobranch encounter with a simulated beach net. 1. The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas). Ocean & Coastal Management 97:12-19.  External resource


O’Connell, C. P., S. Andreotti, M. Rutzen, M. Meÿer, C. A. Matthee, and P. He. 2014. Effects of the Sharksafe barrier on white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) behavior and its implications for future conservation technologies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 460:37-46.  External resource


Pepin-Neff, C., and T. Wynter. 2018. Save the sharks: reevaluating and (re)valuing feared predators. Human Dimensions of Wildlife:1-8.  Download


Robinson, D., S. P. Newman, M. J. Whittingham, R. M. Francksen, M. S. Adam, and S. M. Stead. 2022. Fisher–shark interactions: a loss of support for the Maldives shark sanctuary from reef fishers whose livelihoods are affected by shark depredation. Conservation Letters n/a:e12912.  Download

Ryan, L. A., D. J. Slip, L. Chapuis, S. P. Collin, E. Gennari, J. M. Hemmi, M. J. How, C. Huveneers, V. M. Peddemors, L. Tosetto, and N. S. Hart. 2021. A shark's eye view: testing the 'mistaken identity theory' behind shark bites on humans. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 18:20210533.  External resource

Sheridan, K., M. Justin O’Riain, and M. D. Needham. 2021. Recreationist perceptions of lethal and non-lethal management of sharks in two of South Africa’s marine areas. Marine Policy 132:104633.  External resource

Simpfendorfer, C. A., M. R. Heupel, and D. Kendal. 2021. Complex human-shark conflicts confound conservation action. Frontiers in Conservation Science 2.  Download

Simmons, P., M. Mehmet, B. Curley, N. Ivory, K. Callaghan, K. Wolfenden, and G. Xie. 2021. A scenario study of the acceptability to ocean users of more and less invasive management after shark-human interactions. Marine Policy 129:104558.  External resource

Simmons, P., and M. I. Mehmet. 2018. Shark management strategy policy considerations: community preferences, reasoning and speculations. Marine Policy 96:111-119.  External resource


Taylor, J., L. McLean, A. Korner, and N. Glozier. 2018. Direct and indirect psychological impacts of shark-bite events. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 0:0004867418808899.  External resource

Taylor, S. M., J. How, M. J. Travers, S. J. Newman, S. Mountford, D. Waltrick, C. E. Dowling, A. Denham, and D. J. Gaughan. 2022. SMART drumlines ineffective in catching white sharks in the high energy capes region of western Australia: acoustic detections confirm that sharks are not always amenable to capture. Biology 11:1537.   Download

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