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Snow leopard

Snow leopard

Guidance Documents

Toolkit for champions: community livelihoods and snow leopard conservation (2016). (Snow Leopard Trust) Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Community engagement toolkit for field implementers and staff. A toolkit for collaborative conflict management for community livelihoods and snow leopard conservation (2016). (Snow Leopard Trust) Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

The partners principles for community-based conservation (2016). (Mishra, C.) Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Key Papers

Ahmad, S., S. Hameed, H. Ali, T. U. Khan, T. Mehmood, and M. A. Nawaz. 2016. Carnivores' diversity and conflicts with humans in Musk Deer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. European Journal of Wildlife Research 62:565-576. External resource

Alexander, J., P. J. Chen, P. Damerell, W. Youkui, J. Hughes, K. Shi, and P. Riordan. 2015. Human wildlife conflict involving large carnivores in Qilianshan, China and the minimal paw-print of snow leopards. Biological Conservation 187:1-9. External resource

Aryal, A., D. Brunton, W. H. Ji, R. K. Barraclough, and D. Raubenheimer. 2014. Human-carnivore conflict: ecological and economical sustainability of predation on livestock by snow leopard and other carnivores in the Himalaya. Sustainability Science 9:321-329. External resource

Bagchi, S., and C. Mishra. 2006. Living with large carnivores: predation on livestock by the snow leopard (Uncia uncia). Journal of Zoology 268:217-224. External resource

Chen, P. J., Y. F. Gao, A. T. L. Lee, L. Cering, K. Shi, and S. G. Clark. 2016. Human-carnivore coexistence in Qomolangma (Mt. Everest) Nature Reserve, China: patterns and compensation. Biological Conservation 197:18-26. External resource

Hussain, S. 2003. The status of the snow leopard in Pakistan and its conflict with local farmers. Oryx 37:26-33. External resource

Inskip, C., and A. Zimmermann. 2009. Human-felid conflict: a review of patterns and priorities worldwide. Oryx 43:18-34. External resource

Jackson, R., and R. Wangchuk. 2001. Linking snow leopard conservation and people-wildlife conflict resolution: grassroots measures to protect the endangered snow leopard from herder retribution. Endangered Species Update 18:138-141. External resource

Jackson, R. M. 2015. HWC ten years later: successes and shortcomings of approaches to global snow leopard conservation. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 20:310-316. External resource

Jackson, R. M., and R. Wangchuk. 2004. A community-based approach to mitigating livestock depredation by snow leopards. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 9:1-16. External resource

Khorozyan, I., A. Ghoddousi, M. Soofi, and M. Waltert. 2015. Big cats kill more livestock when wild prey reaches a minimum threshold. Biological Conservation 192:268-275. External resource

Li, J., H. Yin, D. J. Wang, Z. L. Jiagong, and Z. Lu. 2013. Human-snow leopard conflicts in the Sanjiangyuan Region of the Tibetan Plateau. Biological Conservation 166:118-123. External resource

Mishra, C. 1997. Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the Indian trans-Himalaya: conflict perceptions and conservation prospects. Environmental Conservation 24:338-343. External resource

Mishra, C., P. Allen, T. McCarthy, M. Madhusudan, A. Bayarjargal, and H. H. Prins. 2003. The role of incentive programs in conserving the snow leopard. Conservation Biology 17:1512-1520. External resource

Mishra, C., J. C. Young, M. Fiechter, B. Rutherford, and S. M. Redpath. 2017. Building partnerships with communities for biodiversity conservation: lessons from Asian mountains. Journal of Applied Ecology 54:1583-1591. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Oli, M. K., I. R. Taylor, and M. E. Rogers. 1994. Snow leopard Panthera uncia predation of livestock: an assessment of local perceptions in the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. Biological Conservation 68:63-68. External resource

Pettigrew, M., Y. Xie, A. Kang, M. Rao, J. Goodrich, T. Liu, and J. Berger. 2012. Human–carnivore conflict in China: a review of current approaches with recommendations for improved management. Integrative Zoology 7:210-226. External resource

Rosen, T., S. Hussain, G. Mohammad, R. Jackson, J. E. Janecka, and S. Michel. 2012. Reconciling sustainable development of mountain communities with large carnivore conservation lessons from Pakistan. Mountain Research and Development 32:286-293. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Sangay, T., and K. Vernes. 2008. Human-wildlife conflict in the Kingdom of Bhutan: patterns of livestock predation by large mammalian carnivores. Biological Conservation 141:1272-1282. External resource

Sharma, R. K., Y. V. Bhatnagar, and C. Mishra. 2015. Does livestock benefit or harm snow leopards? Biological Conservation 190:8-13. External resource

Suryawanshi, K. R., S. Bhatia, Y. V. Bhatnagar, S. Redpath, and C. Mishra. 2014. Multiscale factors affecting human attitudes toward snow leopards and wolves. Conservation Biology 28:1657-1666. External resource

Suryawanshi, K. R., Y. V. Bhatnagar, S. Redpath, and C. Mishra. 2013. People, predators and perceptions: patterns of livestock depredation by snow leopards and wolves. Journal of Applied Ecology 50:550-560. External resource

Vannelli, K., M. P. Hampton, T. Namgail, and S. A. Black. 2019. Community participation in ecotourism and its effect on local perceptions of snow leopard (Panthera uncia) conservation. Human Dimensions of Wildlife:1-14. External resource

Wegge, P., R. Shrestha, and Ø. Flagstad. 2012. Snow leopard Panthera uncia predation on livestock and wild prey in a mountain valley in northern Nepal: implications for conservation management. Wildlife Biology 18:131-141. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Wilman, E. A., and E. N. Wilman. 2016. Modeling outcomes of approaches to sustained human and snow leopard coexistence. Conservation Biology 30:50-58. External resource

Books and Book Chapters

Jackson, R. 2012. Fostering community-based stewardship of wildlife in Central Asia: transforming snow leopards from pests into valued assets. Pages 357-380 in V. Squires, editor. Rangeland stewardship in Central Asia: balancing improved livelihoods, biodiversity conservation and land protection. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. External resource

Jackson, R. M., C. Mishra, T. M. McCarthy, and S. B. Ale. 2010. Snow leopards: conflict and conservation. Pages 417-430 in D. W. Macdonald and A. J. Loveridge, editors. The biology and conservation of wild felids. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
External resource

Mishra, C., S. R. Redpath, and K. R. Suryawanshi. 2016. Livestock predation by snow leopards: conflicts and the search for solutions. Pages 59-67 in T. M. McCarthy, D. Mallon, and P. Nyhus, editors. Snow leopards. Academic Press. External resource


IUCN SSC Cat Specialist Group