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Key Papers

Acharya, K. P., P. K. Paudel, P. R. Neupane, and M. Kohl. 2016. Human-wildlife conflicts in Nepal: patterns of human fatalities and injuries caused by large mammals. Plos One 11:18. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Ahearn, S. C., J. L. D. Smith, A. R. Joshi, and J. Ding. 2001. TIGMOD: an individual-based spatially explicit model for simulating tiger/human interaction in multiple use forests. Ecological Modelling 140:81-97. External resource

Bhattarai, B. R., and K. Fischer. 2014. Human-tiger Panthera tigris conflict and its perception in Bardia National Park, Nepal. Oryx 48:522-528. External resource

Dhanwatey, H. S., J. C. Crawford, L. A. S. Abade, P. H. Dhanwatey, C. K. Nielsen, and C. Sillero-Zubiri. 2013. Large carnivore attacks on humans in central India: a case study from the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve. Oryx 47:221-227. External resource

Dhungana, R., T. Savini, J. B. Karki, M. Dhakal, B. R. Lamichhane, and S. Bumrungsri. 2018. Living with tigers Panthera tigris: patterns, correlates, and contexts of human–tiger conflict in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Oryx 52:55-65. External resource

Goodrich, J. M. 2010. Human-tiger conflict: a review and call for comprehensive plans. Integrative Zoology 5:300-312. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Goodrich, J. M., I. V. Seryodkin, D. G. Miquelle, L. L. Kerley, H. B. Quigley, and M. G. Hornocker. 2011. Effects of canine breakage on tiger survival, reproduction and human-tiger conflict. Journal of Zoology 285:93-98. External resource

Harihar, A., D. Verissimo, and D. C. MacMillan. 2015. Beyond compensation: integrating local communities' livelihood choices in large carnivore conservation. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions 33:122-130. External resource

Holland, K. K., L. R. Larson, and R. B. Powell. 2018. Characterizing conflict between humans and big cats Panthera spp: a systematic review of research trends and management opportunities. Plos One 13:e0203877. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Inskip, C., N. Carter, S. Riley, T. Roberts, and D. MacMillan. 2016. Toward human-carnivore coexistence: understanding tolerance for tigers in Bangladesh. Plos One 11:20. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Inskip, C., and A. Zimmermann. 2009. Human-felid conflict: a review of patterns and priorities worldwide. Oryx 43:18-34. External resource

Karanth, K. K., A. M. Gopalaswamy, R. DeFries, and N. Ballal. 2012. Assessing patterns of human-wildlife conflicts and compensation around a Central Indian protected area. Plos One 7. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Khorozyan, I., A. Ghoddousi, M. Soofi, and M. Waltert. 2015. Big cats kill more livestock when wild prey reaches a minimum threshold. Biological Conservation 192:268-275. External resource

Madhusudan, M. D. 2003. Living amidst large wildlife: livestock and crop depredation by large mammals in the interior villages of Bhadra Tiger Reserve, south India. Environmental Management 31:466-475. External resource

McKay, J. E., F. A. V. St. John, A. Harihar, D. Martyr, N. Leader-Williams, B. Milliyanawati, I. Agustin, Y. Anggriawan, Karlina, E. Kartika, F. Mangunjaya, M. J. Struebig, and M. Linkie. 2018. Tolerating tigers: gaining local and spiritual perspectives on human-tiger interactions in Sumatra through rural community interviews. Plos One 13:e0201447. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Miller, J. R. B., Y. V. Jhala, and J. Jena. 2016. Livestock losses and hotspots of attack from tigers and leopards in Kanha Tiger Reserve, Central India. Regional Environmental Change 16:17-29. External resource

Miller, J. R. B., Y. V. Jhala, J. Jena, and O. J. Schmitz. 2015. Landscape-scale accessibility of livestock to tigers: implications of spatial grain for modeling predation risk to mitigate human–carnivore conflict. Ecology and Evolution 5:1354-1367. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Nyhus, P. J., and R. Tilson. 2004. Characterizing human-tiger conflict in Sumatra, Indonesia: implications for conservation. Oryx 38:68-74. External resource

Ramesh, T., R. Kalle, K. Sankar, Q. Qureshi, A. J. Giordano, and C. T. Downs. 2019. To resettle or not?: Socioeconomic characteristics, livelihoods, and perceptions toward resolving human-tiger conflict in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, India. Land Use Policy 83:32-46. External resource

Rostro-Garcia, S., L. Tharchen, L. Abade, C. Astaras, S. A. Cushman, and D. W. Macdonald. 2016. Scale dependence of felid predation risk: identifying predictors of livestock kills by tiger and leopard in Bhutan. Landscape Ecology 31:1277-1298. External resource

Sangay, T., and K. Vernes. 2008. Human-wildlife conflict in the Kingdom of Bhutan: patterns of livestock predation by large mammalian carnivores. Biological Conservation 141:1272-1282. External resource

Soh, Y. H., L. R. Carrasco, D. G. Miquelle, J. S. Jiang, J. Yang, E. J. Stokes, J. R. Tang, A. L. Kang, P. Q. Liu, and M. Rao. 2014. Spatial correlates of livestock depredation by Amur tigers in Hunchun, China: relevance of prey density and implications for protected area management. Biological Conservation 169:117-127. External resource

Struebig, M. J., M. Linkie, N. J. Deere, D. J. Martyr, B. Millyanawati, S. C. Faulkner, S. C. Le Comber, F. M. Mangunjaya, N. Leader-Williams, J. E. McKay, and F. A. V. St. John. 2018. Addressing human-tiger conflict using socio-ecological information on tolerance and risk. Nature Communications 9:3455. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Sukumar, R. 1991. The management of large mammals in relation to male strategies and conflict with people. Biological Conservation 55:93-102. External resource


IUCN Cat Specialist Group