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Key Papers

Bombieri, G., V. Nanni, M. d. M. Delgado, J. M. Fedriani, J. V. López-Bao, P. Pedrini, and V. Penteriani. 2018. Content analysis of media reports on predator attacks on humans: toward an understanding of human risk perception and predator acceptance. Bioscience 68:577-584. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Clua, E. E. G., and J. D. C. Linnell. 2018. Individual shark profiling: an innovative and environmentally responsible approach for selectively managing human fatalities. Conservation Letters:e12612. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Crossley, R., C. M. Collins, S. G. Sutton, and C. Huveneers. 2014. Public perception and understanding of shark attack mitigation measures in Australia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 19:154-165. External resource

Engelbrecht, T., A. Kock, S. Waries, and M. J. O’Riain. 2017. Shark spotters: successfully reducing spatial overlap between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and recreational water users in False Bay, South Africa. Plos One 12:e0185335. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Ferretti, F., S. Jorgensen, T. K. Chapple, G. De Leo, and F. Micheli. 2015. Reconciling predator conservation with public safety. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13:412-417. External resource

Gallagher, A. J. 2016. Coexisting with sharks: a response to Carter and Linnell. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31:817-818. External resource

Gibbs, L., and A. Warren. 2015. Transforming shark hazard policy: learning from ocean-users and shark encounter in western Australia. Marine Policy 58:116-124. External resource

Gray, G. M. E., and C. A. Gray. 2017. Beach-user attitudes to shark bite mitigation strategies on coastal beaches; Sydney, Australia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 22:282-290. External resource

Hazin, F. H. V., and A. S. Afonso. 2014. A green strategy for shark attack mitigation off Recife, Brazil. Animal Conservation 17:287-296. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Huveneers, C., S. Whitmarsh, M. Thiele, L. Meyer, A. Fox, and C. J. A. Bradshaw. 2018. Effectiveness of five personal shark-bite deterrents for surfers. Peerj 6:e5554. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Lagabrielle, E., A. Allibert, J. J. Kiszka, N. Loiseau, J. P. Kilfoil, and A. Lemahieu. 2018. Environmental and anthropogenic factors affecting the increasing occurrence of shark-human interactions around a fast-developing Indian Ocean island. Scientific Reports 8:3676. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

McCagh, C., J. Sneddon, and D. Blache. 2015. Killing sharks: the media’s role in public and political response to fatal human–shark interactions. Marine Policy 62:271-278. External resource

McPhee, D. 2014. Unprovoked shark bites: are they becoming more prevalent? Coastal Management 42:478-492. External resource

Meeuwig, J. J., and L. C. Ferreira. 2014. Moving beyond lethal programs for shark hazard mitigation. Animal Conservation 17:297-298. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Midway, S. R., T. Wagner, and G. H. Burgess. 2019. Trends in global shark attacks. Plos One 14:e0211049. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Muter, B. A., M. L. Gore, K. S. Gledhill, C. Lamont, and C. Huveneers. 2013. Australian and U.S. news media portrayal of sharks and their conservation. Conservation Biology 27:187-196. External resource

Neff, C. 2012. Australian beach safety and the politics of shark attacks. Coastal Management 40:88-106. External resource

Neff, C. 2015. The Jaws effect: how movie narratives are used to influence policy responses to shark bites in western Australia. Australian Journal of Political Science 50:114-127. External resource

Neff, C., and R. Hueter. 2013. Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark “attack”: a proposal for reclassifying human–shark interactions. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 3:65-73. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Neff, C. L., and J. Y. H. Yang. 2013. Shark bites and public attitudes: policy implications from the first before and after shark bite survey. Marine Policy 38:545-547. External resource

O'Connell, C. P., S. Andreotti, M. Rutzen, M. Meӱer, and P. He. 2014. The use of permanent magnets to reduce elasmobranch encounter with a simulated beach net. 2. The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias). Ocean & Coastal Management 97:20-28. External resource

O'Connell, C. P., S.-Y. Hyun, S. H. Gruber, T. J. O'Connell, G. Johnson, K. Grudecki, and P. He. 2014. The use of permanent magnets to reduce elasmobranch encounter with a simulated beach net. 1. The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas). Ocean & Coastal Management 97:12-19. External resource

O’Connell, C. P., S. Andreotti, M. Rutzen, M. Meÿer, C. A. Matthee, and P. He. 2014. Effects of the Sharksafe barrier on white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) behavior and its implications for future conservation technologies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 460:37-46. External resource

Pepin-Neff, C., and T. Wynter. 2018. Save the sharks: reevaluating and (re)valuing feared predators. Human Dimensions of Wildlife:1-8. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Simmons, P., and M. I. Mehmet. 2018. Shark management strategy policy considerations: community preferences, reasoning and speculations. Marine Policy 96:111-119. External resource

Taylor, J., L. McLean, A. Korner, and N. Glozier. 2018. Direct and indirect psychological impacts of shark-bite events. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 0:0004867418808899. External resource


IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group

International Shark Attack File