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Monitoring & evaluation

Monitoring & evaluation

Guidance Documents

PRISM-Toolkit for evaluating the outcomes and impacts of small/medium-sized conservation projects. Version 1 (Conservation Evaluation)  Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on human wellbeing: guidance for practitioners (2016). (Woodhouse, E., E. de Lange, and E.J. Milner-Gulland) Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Handbook on impact evaluation: quantitative methods and practices (2010). (The World Bank) External resource

Theory-based impact evaluation: principles and practice (2009). (International Initiative for Impact Evaluation) External resource

Key Papers

Alldredge, M. W., D. P. Walsh, L. L. Sweanor, R. B. Davies, and A. Trujillo. 2015. Evaluation of translocation of black bears involved in human-bear conflicts in South-Central Colorado. Wildlife Society Bulletin 39:334-340. External resource

Baruch-Mordo, S., S. W. Breck, K. R. Wilson, and J. Broderick. 2011. The carrot or the stick? Evaluation of education and enforcement as management tools for human-wildlife conflicts. Plos One 6:8. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Baylis, K., J. Honey-Rosés, J. Börner, E. Corbera, D. Ezzine-de-Blas, P. J. Ferraro, R. Lapeyre, U. M. Persson, A. Pfaff, and S. Wunder. 2016. Mainstreaming impact evaluation in nature conservation. Conservation Letters 9:58-64. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Bottrill, M. C., and R. L. Pressey. 2012. The effectiveness and evaluation of conservation planning. Conservation Letters 5:407-420. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Brooks, J., K. A. Waylen, and M. B. Mulder. 2013. Assessing community-based conservation projects: a systematic review and multilevel analysis of attitudinal, behavioral, ecological, and economic outcomes. Environmental Evidence 2:2. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Butler, J. R. A., J. C. Young, I. A. G. McMyn, B. Leyshon, I. M. Graham, I. Walker, J. M. Baxter, J. Dodd, and C. Warburton. 2015. Evaluating adaptive co-management as conservation conflict resolution: learning from seals and salmon. Journal of Environmental Management 160:212-225. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Espinosa, S., and S. K. Jacobson. 2012. Human-wildlife conflict and environmental education: evaluating a community program to protect the Andean bear in Ecuador. Journal of Environmental Education 43:55-65. External resource

Gore, M. L., B. A. Knuth, P. D. Curtis, and J. E. Shanahan. 2006. Education programs for reducing American black bear-human conflict: indicators of success? Ursus 17:75-80. External resource

Gore, M. L., B. A. Knuth, C. W. Scherer, and P. D. Curtis. 2008. Evaluating a conservation investment designed to reduce human-wildlife conflict. Conservation Letters 1:136-145. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Kormos, C., and R. Gifford. 2014. The validity of self-report measures of proenvironmental behavior: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Environmental Psychology 40:359-371. External resource

Maclennan, S. D., R. J. Groom, D. W. Macdonald, and L. G. Frank. 2009. Evaluation of a compensation scheme to bring about pastoralist tolerance of lions. Biological Conservation 142:2419-2427. External resource

Margoluis, R., C. Stem, N. Salafsky, and M. Brown. 2009. Using conceptual models as a planning and evaluation tool in conservation. Evaluation and Program Planning 32:138-147. External resource

Mascia, M. B., S. Pallier, M. L. Thieme, A. Rowe, M. C. Bottrill, F. Danielsen, J. Geldmann, R. Naidoo, A. S. Pullin, and N. D. Burgess. 2014. Commonalities and complementarities among approaches to conservation monitoring and evaluation. Biological Conservation 169:258-267. External resource

Sherry, J. L. 1997. Prosocial soap operas for development. The Journal of International Communication 4:75-101. External resource

Stem, C., R. Margoluis, N. Salafsky, and M. Brown. 2005. Monitoring and evaluation in conservation: a review of trends and approaches. Conservation Biology 19:295-309. External resource

Sutherland, W. J., A. S. Pullin, P. M. Dolman, and T. M. Knight. 2004. The need for evidence-based conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 19:305-308. External resource

Washington, H., J. Baillie, C. Waterman, and E. J. Milner-Gulland. 2015. A framework for evaluating the effectiveness of conservation attention at the species level. Oryx 49:481-491. External resource

Webber, A. D., C. M. Hill, and V. Reynolds. 2007. Assessing the failure of a community-based human-wildlife conflict mitigation project in Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. Oryx 41:177-184. External resource

Weise, F. J., J. R. Lemeris, S. J. Munro, A. Bowden, C. Venter, M. van Vuuren, and R. J. van Vuuren. 2015. Cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) running the gauntlet: an evaluation of translocations into free-range environments in Namibia. Peerj 3:35. Adobe Acrobat PDF Download

Young, J. C., A. Jordan, K. R. Searle, A. Butler, D. S. Chapman, P. Simmons, and A. D. Watt. 2013. Does stakeholder involvement really benefit biodiversity conservation? Biological Conservation 158:359-370. External resource


Conservation Evaluation

Conservation Evidence

Collaboration for Environmental Evidence